English language- is the most widely spoken language in the world and is used as either a primary or secondary language in many countries. Through the centuries, as a result of various historical events, English spread throughout the world.
The history of English language can be divided into 3 main periods- Old English(500-1100), Middle English(1100-1485), Modern English(1485 to present). By about 1485, English had lost most of its Old English inflections, and its pronunciation and word order closely resembled those of today.
- Vocabulary: some English words have been passed on from generations and some were borrowed from other languages, including Arabic, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Russian, and Spanish. New words are created by blending words, shortening words and forming acronyms(first letters of several words).
- Pronunciation and Spelling: sometimes seem illogical or inconsistent. Many words are spelled similarly though pronounced differently or vice-versa.
- Grammar: is the set of principles used to create sentences and consists of 3 components-
Phonological– rules to how to pronounce words and sentences.
Semantic- tells what sentences mean and the difference between their implications.
Syntactic– relation between the meaning and the arrangement of words in a sentence. The rules define the elements used to assemble sentences and the relations between them. The elements include parts of speech and inflections. Parts of speech – are the word categories of the English language. The traditional description lists 8 classes– nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections. The most important relationships of the parts of speech include subject and verb, verb and predicate and modifier and modified. The parts of speech are also divided into content words/form classes(main parts of the speech that carry basic vocabulary meanings) and function words/structure classes(express grammatical, structural, meanings and relationships between content words in a sentence). Inflections – is a variation of the form of a word that gives it a different meaning or function. An English noun has 2 inflections- plural and possessive. Inflections change the tense and number of a verb and change adjectives to the comparative or the superlative. The word order is SVO, subject-verb-object. Structure- syntax(arrangement of words in a particular order) and morphology(uses a variation in the form of a word to show its function in a group).
Literature broadly is used to describe works of imagination either written or oral. Written literature includes texts, both fiction and non-fiction, as poetry, plays, novels, short stories, travel accounts, diaries, biographies, autobiographies, letters, essays, histories, and philosophy.
The elements of any literature may have- characters(motivation, setting), plot, theme, style, image, and sound patterns.
Forms of literature- novel, novella, epic, short story(ballad, folk tale, fable, parable), drama(tragedy, comedy, satire), poetry(lyric, narrative, dramatic), non-fiction(newspapers, magazines, textbooks, essays, history, biography, diary).
Today English is the international language of Science and Technology and used throughout the world in Business, Diplomacy and International Trade. It is mandatory to be not just familiar but fluent in the various nuances of English language if not literature. English language abets us in communication to expand the audience base by facilitating cultural exchange and being more relatable. Knowledge and ideology are dispersed across space and time. English also helps in understanding different interpretations of speech and thought due to its flexibility and accounts for the differentials to create unity by carrying the weight of the generation. English literature is rich as it contains masterpieces in many literary forms and provides a forum to describe, criticise, comment, and promote economic, political and social reforms.
Edulink is aware of the potent role that the language part holds in the sustenance of a student’s academic graph. Hence we invest ourselves into the assignments keeping in mind the deceptively easy nature of the questions pertaining to test the student’s level of comprehension.
At Edulink, we grace the literature assignments via enlarging our literary competence by peeking into the writer’s outer and inner-world and their attitudes reflecting in their work. The argumentative and probing intellect, aptitude and perspective required into the reading and understanding of literature is included in our efforts.